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Hazrate Safiyah (R.A)

Hazrate Safiyah (R.A) is the sister of Hazrat Hamzah (R.A) and the daughter of Hazrat Abdul Muttalib (R.A).

Hazrate Safiyah (R.A) married Hazrat Awwam bin Khuwailid Qarshi Al-Asadi (R.A) who was the brother of Hazrate Khadijah tul Kubra (R.A). They were blessed with a son who was named Zubair. Hazrat Awwam (R.A) passed away when Hazrat Zubair (R.A) was at a young age, Hazrate Safiyah (R.A) did not marry thereafter.

Hazrate Safiyah (R.A) brought up her son Hazrat Zubair (R.A) in a very disciplined manner. Her aim was to make him a brave and fearless soldier, very often she subjected him to hard work and sometimes beat him also.

Hazrate Safiyah (R.A) realised that the people had come to know of the fact that she beats her son, expressed her feeling and explained, “Whoever thinks that I beat Zubair with ill intention, he is mistaken. I beat him so that he may become wise and brave and defeat the army of the enemies and capture booty.”

When Hazrate Safiyah (R.A) heard about the Martyrdom of her brother (Hazrat Hamzah (R.A)), she (R.A) reached the battlefield.

The Holy Prophet (S.A.W) saw Hazrate Safiyah (R.A) coming at a distance, He (S.A.W) told Hazrat Zubiar (R.A) to go and stop his mother coming ahead for she might loose balance of her mind seeing her beloved brother’s condition.

Hazrat Zubair (R.A) tried to stop his mother but Hazrate Safiyah (R.A) threw a punch on the chest of her son and moved forward. Whilst advancing forward she remarked that she knew that the body of her brother had been disfigured but he (R.A) sacrificed his life in the way of Allah (S.W.T). She (R.A) also added, “I shall keep patience in this distress hoping good reward from Allah (S.W.T).”

Hazrat Zubair (R.A) told the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) what his mother had said. He (S.A.W) told him to allow her to go ahead. She (R.A) went over the body of her brother, recited “Inna Lillah” and prayed for his deliverance. Witnessing exemplary patience of Hazrate Safiyah (R.A), the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) consoled her, and then her eyes shed tears.

Hazrate Safiyah (R.A) had brought two sheets for shroud of Hazrat Hamzah (R.A) but only one was used for him and the other for an Ansari, whose body was also disfigured, lying by Hazrat Hamzah (R.A). The Holy Prophet (S.A.W) did not like his follower un-shrouded and his uncle Hazrat Hamzah (R.A) with two sheets. The sheet, he was shrouded with, was smaller to his size when they covered his head, his feet remained open and when they covered his feet, his head remained open, in the end, they covered His (R.A) feet with the grass.

Hazrat Anas Bin An-Nadr (R.A)

Hazrat Anas bin An-Nadr (R.A) was the uncle of Hazrat Anas bin Malik (R.A). Hazrat Anas bin Malik (R.A) narrates: “My uncle Anas bin An-Nadr (R.A) was absent from the Battle of Badr. He said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! (S.A.W) I was absent from the first battle you fought against the Kuffaar; (By Allah) if Allah gives me a chance to fight the Kuffaar, no doubt, Allah (S.W.T) will see how (bravely) I will fight.’”

On the day of the Battle of Uhud, when the Muslims turned their backs and fled, he said, “O Allah! I apologise to You for what these (i.e. his Companions) have done, and I denounce what these (i.e. the pagans) have done.”

During the battle I noticed some Muhajireen and Ansar who were very distraught. Upon my query they told me that Rasoolullah (S.A.W) had been Shaheed. Hazrat Anas bin An-Nadr (R.A) then said “if truly Rasoolullah (S.A.W) has become Shaheed, then what is life without him? Come, let us go into battle to join Rasoolullah (S.A.W) in Martyrdom.”

He moved ahead from there and happened to meet Hazrat Sa’d bin Muaaz (R.A), who said, “‘O Anas! I am with you’. Then He (R.A) penetrated into the files of the Kuffaar waving his sword he exclaimed: I am feeling fragrance of the Paradise. I swear by the Lord of An-Nadr! I am feeling the fragrance of Paradise from the side of Mount Uhud.”

He (R.A) engaged himself in fighting against the enemies until he became Shaheed. Hazrat Anas bin Malik (R.A) says, “We found more than eighty wounds by swords and arrows on his body.” Hazrat Anas bin An-Nadr (R.A)’s body was mutilated so badly that none except his sister could recognise him by his fingers.

Hazrat Anas bin Malik (R.A) states, “We used to think that the following Verse was revealed concerning him and other men of his sort: ‘Among the believers (a great number of) men proved true what covenant they made with Allah (S.W.T) …….’” (Surah Al-Ahzab , Ayah 23) (Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, Number 61)

Hazrat Usman bin Talha (R.A)

Hazrat Usman bin Talha (R.A), the key bearer of the gates of the Holy Kaaba narrates: “Once I met the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) before the Hijrat (Migration) and He (S.A.W) preached to me the message of Islam. I refused and remarked that he had opposed the religion of his nation and concocted a new religion.

Then one day the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) arrived to enter the gate of the Kaaba which we used to open on Mondays and Thursdays. When He (S.A.W) tried to enter along with other Companions, I snubbed him and did not let him in.

Holy Prophet (S.A.W) kept calm and did not say anything to me except that very soon the key of the Kaaba would be in His (S.A.W) hand and he would hand it over to anyone he would wish. I replied that by that time all the Quraish would have died.

On the day when Makkah fell to the Islamic forces. Holy Prophet (S.A.W) asked me to hand over the key to Him. I had to obey because now Holy Prophet (S.A.W) was the ruler of Makkah. I presented the key to him. He (S.A.W) reminded me the time when I had not let Him (S.A.W) into the Holy Kaaba and observed that one day that key would be in His (S.A.W) hands and He (S.A.W) would grant it to anyone He (S.A.W) would like.

Holy Prophet (S.A.W) then returned the key to me and said that He (S.A.W) had given the key to me and my progeny forever. Hearing this I confessed that it was true and I recited the Kalima and declared that I believed that He (S.A.W) was the true Prophet of Allah (S.W.T).” (Khasais -e- Kubra P:267 Vol:1)

According to a narration of Hazrat Ali (R.A), Hazrat Abbas (R.A) said to Holy Prophet (S.A.W), “O Prophet! (S.A.W) besides Saqaya (providing drinking water for the Hajj pilgrims), bless us with honour of the Hajabah (post of the turnkey of the Kaaba).” However, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) did not accede to his request rather said, “This day is not the day of revenge rather it is the day of kindness and munificence.” At this time, the key was in the hands of Hazrat Ali (R.A), the Prophet (S.A.W) took it from him and handed over it to Uthman saying: “O Uthman! This key, I am not giving only to you but also to your generations till the Day of Judgment. He, who snatches this key from you, shall be the oppressor.” (Subal-ul-Huda, Vol.5 P.367- Khatim-ul-Nabyeen, Vol.3, P.1010)

Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A)

Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) was born in Baha, Yemen. His (R.A)’s real name was Abd al-Shams. Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) accepted Islam on the call of Hazrat at-Tufayl (R.A), when he (R.A) returned to his village after meeting the Holy Prophet (S.A.W).

When Hazrat at-Tufayl (R.A) visited Makkah Shareef again, Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) accompanied him. There he had the honour and privilege of meeting the Noble Prophet (S.A.W). The Beloved Prophet (S.A.W) asked him (R.A): “What is your name?” “Abd al-Shams (Servant of a Sun),” he replied. Rasoolullah (S.A.W) then said “Instead, let it be Abdur-Rahman (the Servant of the Beneficent Lord)”. “Yes, Abdur-Rahman (it shall be) O Messenger of Allah” he replied.

Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) looked after the mosque when Holy Prophet (S.A.W) went on to campaign in Khyber. He (R.A) made it a regular habit to give the leftover food to stray cats. Gradually the number of cats around the Masjid increased. He (R.A) loved to take care and play with them. Once our Beloved Prophet (S.A.W) saw Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) playing with some cats, to which Rasoolullah (S.A.W) called him as Abu Huraira (Father of cats). Since then he (R.A) preferred to be known as Abu Huraira (this was due to the immense love the Sahabah Iqraam (R.A) had for Rasoolullah (S.A.W)).

Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) is famously known for the compilation of many AHadith. He (R.A) has reported around 5,000 AHadiths, which are mentioned in Muslim Shareef and Bukhari Shareef.

Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) narrates: I said “O Prophet of Allah (S.A.W), I hear the Holy Hadith from you but I forget them”. Hearing this Holy Prophet (S.A.W) directed me to stretch my sheet. I obeyed. The Lord of the Universe (S.A.W) raised His blessed Hands and scooped something from the air and emptied it into the sheet, He (S.A.W) then directed me to take it and clasp it to my chest, I did so. Since then I have never forgotten anything. (Bukhari Shareef)

Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A)’s mother was still a Mushrik (non believer). He (R.A) longed, and prayed, for her to become a Muslim but she adamantly refused.

One day, he (R.A) again invited his mother to believe in the One God and His Prophet. She answered with some bad words about the Holy Prophet (S.A.W). Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) went to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) with tears in his (R.A) eyes. “Why are you crying, Abu Huraira?” asked the Holy Prophet (S.A.W). “I always invite my mother to Islam, and she always refuses,” he replied. “I asked her again today, but she said some things about you that made me sad. Can you pray to Allah (S.W.T) for her to turn to Islam?” The Prophet prayed for Abu Huraira’s mother to accept Islam.

When he (R.A) went home, he (R.A) found the door closed. Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) heard the splashing of water. He tried to enter the house, but his mother said, “Wait a minute. Don’t come in yet.” Then she got dressed and said, “You can come in now.” When He (R.A) went inside, his mother said, “I declare that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger.” Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) again went to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) crying. But this time his tears were tears of joy. “I have good news, Ya Rasoolullah (S.A.W),” he said. “Allah (S.W.T) has answered your prayer and guided my mother to Islam.”

Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) passed away in 59 AH at the age of 78 and is buried in Jannatul Baqi (Madina Shareef).

THE STORY OF HAZRAT ZUN NOON MISRY (R.A.)

“How blessed that time when the heart is given to love.
No Istikhara is required for such a deed of righteousness.”

How blessed is that time when Allah granted Hazrat Zun Noon Misry (RA.) the pain and sorrow of His Love! A great agitation was created in the heart and he began weeping and lamenting. A little sorrow encountered through Allah’s love is better than all the other nemats (bounties) of both the worlds. It is such a sorrow which sets one free from all other sorrows. It is also such a sickness which gives one safety from all other illnesses.

“Free from the sorrows of both worlds will you be quickly,
If one atom of sorrow from Allah’s love touches you.” (Akhtar)

The heart, which up to now had only been aware of the transitory worldly pleasures and which only reached up to this transitory world, now through the blessings of true Divine Love has flown up to the heavens and up to the Throne of Allah.

The true devotee of Allah, through the blessings of the special perception of communion with Allah, experiences within himself a wonderful feeling of contact with the hereafter and thus through this perception has only a nominal contact with this worldly existence. His major perception is the contact with the hereafter. My beloved Sheikh Hazrat Phulpuri (RA.) used to explain his condition to his Sheikh Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwy (RA.) thus:

“Hazrat, it is as if I feel that I am not walking upon the ground of this world, but upon the floor of the hereafter. Being busy with worldly things does not prevent me from keeping the hereafter, before me.”

In reality this is what actually happens when the heart develops a strong bond with Allah. Sometimes it also happens that for the special devotees of Allah, special favours are sent from the unseen world. The moments of these special favours are such that words cannot describe them. Only the soul of the person, on whom those special favours descend, can know them and enjoy the pleasures thereof.

Through the Divine Love, a strange condition came over Hazrat Zun Noon Misry (RA.). Hazrat Rumi (RA.) says that he was overtaken by such a feeling of madness and confusion that his sighs and utterances caused people to become greatly affected by it. It seemed that Divine Love brought nothing but crying and sorrow and as if there was nothing good in it.

“Through crying and lamenting, the way towards Allah is easily traversed, And so nearness is attained which is not reached through years of striving through spiritual exercises.”

The overwhelming nature of his love was such that from the sighs and cries that he uttered people became helpless. Hence a group of irreligious people had him imprisoned in jail. When they took him to jail, he went willingly and happily. Some of his closest friends accompanied him in sympathy. When they locked the door behind him, the friends began to wonder: “What has happened? Such a great Sheikh has been imprisoned.”

It seemed as if the Sheikh himself was hiding the inner condition under a cloud of madness. It may be that in order to avoid the vileness of people, he preferred himself going to. jai1. Possibly it may be that he had become fed up with the company of rational beings and presented himself as a mad one.

Hence, all those friends who visited him in the jail, said to him:
“Respected Sir, we all are your sincere friends and companions. We have come here to inquire about your health and condition. We are surprised and astounded as to who could have laid a charge of insanity against you. We look upon you as the very embodiment of sanity. These people who only look at the external appearances are completely unacquainted with your high position and rank of the nearness to Allah. They regard you as being insane, while we know that you are a True Lover of God. We are your sincere friends and lovers. We look upon. you as our beloved one in both the worlds. Please inform us the reason why you prefer to waste your time in this prison. Please do not keep the secret from us. ”

Sheikh Zun Noon (R.A.) listened to their words and was not convinced by their sincerity. Hence to test their sincerity he picked up some stones and moved towards them. Like a mad man he ran in their direction as if he, was going to stone them. When they saw this they all fled, fearing of being hurt by the stones. Seeing this the Sheikh laughed at their claim of love and sincere friendship and exclaimed:
“Have a look at these friends of the dervish; 0 You ignorant ones. What do you know of love and true friendship? ”

“When does a friend keep himself aloof from the sorrow’s of a friend?
The friendship of a friend is like a skin around him and he will bear all sorrows from his friend.
A friend is like gold and calamities and misfortunes are like fire.
And pure gold shines even brighter when the heat of fire touches it. ”

Maulana Rumi (R.A.) says:’
“0 You, when with one wound you retired from your love,
Choosing the way of those who flee.
It is clear you have not yet been touched by love,
And only mention it.”

In other words, the path of true love is not an easy one to tread. You will have to shed blood from your heart and your liver. Then the path will open up to you.

Hence, one should tread the path of Allah in a manly way. A modern day saintly man – Babu Saheb, who was also a Khalifa of Maulana Thanwy (R.A.) said: “Accept and then resolve. In other words – first, make a strong contact of love with Allah and then resolve to bear all the trials that will come your way while on that path”. For the sake of worldly business and employment a person will bear all kinds of calamities. But this is an affair of the hereafter, for which a person should be prepared to bear even greater burdens.

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (Radi Allah Unho) EARLY LIFE

Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu’s) real name was Abdullah, and he was given the title of “As Siddique” or”Testifier to the Truth.” His father, ‘Uthman, was known as Abu Quhafah and his mother, Salma, was known as Ummul Khair. He was two and a half years younger than Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
He was the first among the Sahaba to accept Islam. He accompanied Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) during the Hijrah to Madinatul Munawwarah. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) was a merchant. He freed many slaves, including Sayyiduna Bilal (radi Allahu anhu) and Sayyiduna Umayyah bin Qahaf (radi Allahu anhu). He participated in all the battles in which Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) had to fight the Kuffar.

Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) loved his faith more than anything else. At the Battle of Badr, his son, Sayyiduna Abdur Rahman (radi Allahu anhu), was fighting on the side of the Kuffar. After accepting Islam, Sayyiduna Abdur Rahman (radi Allahu anhu) said to his father, “O Father, at Badr, you were twice under my sword, but my love for you held my hand back.” To this, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) replied, “Son, if I had you only once under my sword, you would have been no more.” He was so uncompromising in his faith.

At the time of the Battle of Tabuk, he donated all his wealth to the war effort, and when Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) asked him, “What have you left for your family,?” he replied, “Allah and His Rasool (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).”

AS A CALIPH

After his election as the Caliph, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) addressed the Muslims with these words:
“O People! I have been chosen by you as your leader, although I am no better than any of you. If I do any wrong, set me right. Listen, truth is honesty and untruth is dishonesty. The weak among you are the powerful in my eyes, as long as I do not give them their dues. The powerful among you are weak in my eyes, as long as I do not take away from them what is due to others.

“Listen carefully, if people give up striving for the Cause of Almighty Allah, He will send down disgrace upon them. If people become evil-doers, Almighty Allah will send down calamities upon them.

“Obey me as long as I obey Allah and His Rasul (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). If I disobey Allah and His Rasul (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), you are free to disobey me.”

Such was the first Caliph of Islam. Indeed, the world would be a better place to live in, if we had leaders like Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu).

Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) now sent Sayyiduna Usamah (radi Allahu anhu) on the expedition to Syria to fight the Romans, even though he had to attend to all the internal problems of the Islamic State.

The news that Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) had passed away, made some new Muslims think that the Islamic State would crumble and they refused to pay the Zakaah. These new Muslims could not yet get used to their faith and its requirements until then. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) declared, “By Allah! Even if a single thread is due from a man, he must give it. If he refuses, I will declare war against him.”

RENEGADES AND IMPOSTERS

Some others became imposters and renegades. Tulaiha, Musailimah, Maalik bin Nuwairah, Aswad Ansi and a woman named Sajah claimed that they were prophets and caused a great deal of confusion. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) was quick to take action against these imposters.
Sayyiduna Khalid bin Walid (radi Allahu anhu) was sent to deal with Tulaiha who fled to Syria and later became a Muslim. Maalik bin Nuwarah was killed. Sayyiduna Ikramah (radi Allahu anhu) and Sayyiduna Surahbil (radi Allahu anhu) were sent to take action against Musailimah, but they were defeated. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) sent Sayyiduna Khalid bin Walid (radi Allahu anhu) to tackle the notorious Musailamah who married Sajah. In the fight that followed, Sayyiduna Wahshi (radi Allahu anhu) killed Musailamah. Musailamah and Aswad Ansi also claimed to be prophets while Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was alive. Aswad was killed by the Muslims of Yemen.

Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu’s) swift and bold steps saved the Islamic State from the serious danger of chaos and confusion. He could now attend to other urgent problems.

ERA OF CONQUESTS

During his Khilaafat, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) had to take action against the Iranian Empire. The Emperor of Iran, Khusrou Parvez, was killed by his son, Shirooya, and the whole empire fell into chaos and disorder. Hurmuz, the Persian governor of Iraq, was very hostile to the Arabs and he was also cruel to the Muslims living in that area.
Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) sent Sayyiduna Muthamia (radi Allahu anhu) to take action against the Iranians in Iraq. His forces were not enough and Sayyiduna Khalid bin Walid (radi Allahu anhu) was then sent with reinforcements. The Muslim army captured vast areas of the Iranian Empire in several battles.

Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) then turned his attention to the Romans who were causing trouble in the North-West frontier. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) sent 4 separate armies under Sayyiduna Ubaidah bin Jarrah, Sayyiduna Amr Ibnul As, Sayyiduna Yazid bin Abu Sufyaan and Sayyiduna Surahbil bin Hasnal (radi Allahu anhumul ajma’in) to deal with the Roman power.

The four armies joined into one unit to face the Romans more effectively. The Romans had amassed 150 000 soldiers, but the total Muslim army was only 24 000. Reinforcements were requested. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) asked Sayyiduna Khalid bin Walid (radi Allahu anhu) to take charge of the Iraqi front and Sayyiduna Muthanna (radi Allahu anhu) to rush to the Syrian front to help fight the huge Roman army. The armies met in Yarmuk after Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) passed away. In this battle, the Romans were totally defeated.

PASSES AWAY

Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) fell ill at this time and passed away on the 21st of Jamadi-ul-Aakhir 13 A.H. (22 August 634). His rule lasted 2 years and 3 months. He was 63 years old.
One of the many contributions of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (radi Allahu anhu) was the collection and compilation of the Holy Quran.

PERSONAL LIFE

He lived a very simple, pious and upright life. He was a true servant of Almighty Allah and a meticulous follower of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
He wore ordinary clothes and his meals were very simple. He attended to house-hold work and would go out at night and seek the poor and destitute. Humility and modesty were the keynotes of his character. He felt embarrassed when people showered praises on him or showed him immense respect. He often fasted during the day and spent the whole night in Salaah and meditation. He was a great orator and a master of genealogy (one who can trace a person’s family line). In personal life, he was a Saint. He used all his powers to promote the interest of Islam and the good of people.

THE STORY OF THE SINCERITY OF HAZRAT ALI

There is a very well known story concerning the sincerity of Hazrat Ali. It is said that once, while fighting with a non­ believer, he managed to overpower him and was sitting on top of him ready for the final blow of his sword. At that moment the non-believer spat in his face. This act of the disbeliever made Ali feel very much displeased. However, he placed the sword back into its sheath and got off from him. In other words he immediately refrained from killing him, although he had all the opportunity to do so.

As he separated himself from the enemy, the disbeliever shouted at him: “O Ameerul- Mumineen! What is this? After I had insulted you by spitting in your face, you should have killed me immediately. You had me at your mercy and completely subdued and subjugated. What is it that stopped you from killing me?”

Hazrat Ali replied: “I had the intention of killing you solely for the pleasure of Allah. When you spat in my face, you stirred up my anger. If I had killed you then, this act of mine would have been out of the anger of my nafs and not out of sincerity to Allah. Allah does not accept any deed which is not done out of sincerity. Killing you at that time would have been against sincerity. Hence I refrained from killing you”.

Hearing these words from Hazrat Ali the enemy was astonished and the light of Imaan was lit in his heart: “I consider it my good fortune to accept such a Deen, 0 Ameerul-Mumineen, where such a teaching of sincerity is expounded. This Deen is undoubtedly
the true Deen”.

Now Maulana Rumi (R.A.) says:
“Learn the lesson of sincerity from Hazrat Ali
And consider the Lion of Truth to be free of deceit.
During Jehad he overpowered a non-believing fighter
And removed his sword from the sheath in order to kill.
The non-believing enemy spat in the face of him.
Who was the beloved of Allah, Rasulullah and all the Saints.
Hazrat Ali replaced his sword in the sheath
And refrained from killing the enemy.
The non-believer was astonished at this.
He was surprised at the enemy’s pardon and mercy.
He said: “With such speed you took out the sword
But why did you replace the sword in the sheath and leave me alone?
How is the mercy and pardon at a time of anger
When a serpent subdues someone, why would it leave its prey?”
Ali replied:
“I am the Lion of God, not the Lion of my lustful desires.
This act of mine, is a witness and an indication of the truth of my    religion.
When you spat in my face, my nafs cried out for revenge.
At that time my nature and disposition was destroyed.
At that time half the act would be for God and the other half as      revenge for myself.
And any deed done for God should not be divided between  Him and another
And should be done solely for Him”.
The disbelieving enemy replied:
“I am a spreader and sower of injustice and evil,
But I consider you as a highest form of humanity”.

The result of this story was that the non-believer became blessed with embracing Islam.

Maulana Rumi (R.A.) says:
“The sword of clemency is sharper than the sword of iron in effect. In fact, in being victorious, clemency is more effective than numerous armies “.

Lesson from this Story

From this story we learn a very great lesson about sincerity in deeds. Whatever deed a person does, he should correct his intention. If sincerity is present, worldly acts also become religious acts. For example, a person for the sake of earning halaal shouts: ‘Here, buy guavas, buy mangoes!’ His intention is to earn halaal sustenance to feed his wife and children according to the command of Allah and His Rasulullah. In such a case, for every time he shouts ‘Buy guavas, buy mangoes’, he is being rewarded.

On the other hand if he says: “Subhaanallah, Subhaanallah!” with this intention that the people should look upon him as a holy man and put their wealth in his trust, whereby he will acquire worldly things, then in such a case his “Subhaanallah” will be a worldly act and not a deeny act.

Hence Ikhlaas (sincerity) is very important. Otherwise there is the danger that all deeds may become destroyed. In order to learn sincerity, it is necessary that we learn it from a sincere person. This great gift is best learnt from the saints of Allah and from their company. It is not acquired merely from books. Book knowledge and the company of the saintly, both these things are necessary. Those who are blessed with the company of the elders also learn a lot and also become beloved of the people while those who only depend on book knowledge and do not stay in the company of the saintly ones can never become properly reformed beings. The reason for this is that purification is a transitive action of one on another person and for this act a purifier is required.

The Quran speaks about  “And he purifies them”.

In this verse the purifier is Rasulullah $ and the purified are the Sahabah (R.A.). This shows that the Sahabah (R.A.) were not able to purify themselves although that was the blessed era of Rasulullah $. At that time the Quran was being revealed and Jibreel was coming and going among them. So how can anybody today say: “We consider our studies of books enough for our reformation and rectification”. Such people’s hearts will fully understand that such a talk is ,merely meaningless and foolish pretence. In actual fact, laziness of the self and love of this world and of the high rank are the things that keeps one away from visiting a saintly spiritual guide, for self-rectification.

The immediate pleasures and grandeur of this world is preferred above the promised life of the hereafter. The nafs reigns supreme and one has not the ability to resist and oppose it. The actual reason for this is the fact that there is a lack of desire in us for Allah and for this reason we are satisfied with a little deen in our lives, but we are not satisfied with a little of this world. Night and day we make plans as to how we can acquire more of this
worldly wealth. ‘

Imam Ghazali (R.A.) says:
“I see the Kings of this world satisfied with little deen,
But not satisfied with a little of this world
So now, with Your deen become independent of the King’s world,
Just as they with their dunya show disinterest in the hereafter”.

THE STORY OF THE DEBATE OF HAZRAT ALI WITH A REJECTER

Once an irreligious one, a rejecter of faith in Allah started a debate with Hazrat Ali who was sitting on the top storey of a house. The rejecter, a Jew, said to him from below: “0 Ali Murtuza, have you got faith in Allah as your Protector?”

Hazrat Ali replied: Yes, definitely. He is our Protector”.
The Jew said:
“O Murtuza, throw yourself down from the top storey.
And depend on Allah as Protector to save you from harm.
Do that so that your deep faith may be a means towards my faith
And so that your act become the cause of my sincere belief”.

Hazrat Ali replied:
“Since when has a slave the right
To put his Lord to the test?
And since when has a slave the courage.
o Foolish One, to test his Lord?
This is a right due to Allah alone
That at all times, He can test His servants.
If an atom on the side of a mountain, looking at the height of the    mountain says:
‘I shall weigh you’.
Such atom should think that if it places the mountain on a scale, the scale itself will split. In this manner foolish ones having pride,
In their foolish notions try to weigh the Saints of Allah on their       scale.
When the high rank of the saints cannot be contained in the scales of these fools,
Then because of their behaviour, Allah destroys those scales
And makes them involved with further foolishness”.

It is a point of experience that those people who act insultingly to these saints of Allah and object against them, their rational powers become daily deficient and their practical acts become less and less. May Allah protect us against that.

Moulana Rumi (R.A.) says: “When such thoughts and whisperings enter the heart, one should consider it as a sign of ill-fortune and a sign of destruction. In such a case, the following line of action should be followed:

“Immediately fall into prostration and begin crying lament fully, And seek refuge in Allah: 0 Allah, save me from such thoughts”.

Lesson from this Story

If after towbah and crying before Allah, these thoughts still do not leave the mind, look upon them as whisperings from the Shaytaan. It is necessary that you consider them as bad. Purposely do not turn attention to these thoughts. Within a short while, Insha-Allah, those thoughts will disappear. However, you should always make duah and complain to Allah and ask the saintly ones to pray on your behalf.

THE STORY OF HAZRAT SHAH ABUL-HASAN KHARQANI (R.A.)

Once a, true dervish (seeker after truth) undertook a long journey from Taliqaan to Khaarqaan in order to pay a visit to Hazrat Shah Abul-Hasan Kharqani (RA.). Along this journey he had to cross many mountains and valleys. Along the way he bore great difficulties like thirst, but he endured all that patiently for the sake of his love. In this dervish there was such restlessness and longing for divine love that it forced him to take up this journey. Such is the way of love. What happens in the case of Divine Love? It has a different effect upon different people.

“What word did you utter in the ear of the flower
That it now laughs in pleasure.
And what did you mention to the nightingale
That now through the pains of love it weeps and laments?”

My Sheikh Maulana Phulpoori (RA.) used to tell me a story about a great Majzoob Soofi who used to live somewhere in the rural district. The condition of ‘Qabz’ descended on him from Allah’s side. In the technical terms ‘Qabz’ is such a condition which the Soofi feels when he experiences spiritual inactivity, non-progress, depression and a lessening in the presence of Allah. His heart feels no joy in ibaadah and it seems as if there is no pleasure derived from Zikr. This condition is sent over to a devotee with the sole purpose of a spiritual training towards the acquisition of his spiritual progress. If the devotee should at all times enjoy the feeling of Allah’s nearness, then there is the possibility of pride and arrogance being created within him which could be the cause of his spiritual destruction. Allah dislikes all sins from His bondsmen but the most hated characteristic that He disapproves from them is that of pride and arrogance.

Hence, the experience of ‘Qabz’ brings the devotee towards humility which in Allah’s sight is a very well-liked characteristic. Man is a bondsman (slave) of Allah, an ‘abd’. In the word ‘abd’, the meaning of humility and distressed state are included. Hence for someone to be an ‘abd’ slave of Allah and at the same time to have in him pride or arrogance, is a contradiction and the cause of great loss.

“Allah has created you from dust, hence a bondsman,
Adopt an attitude of meekness and humility like dust.”

Sometimes, it also happens that the feeling of ‘Qabz’ comes about as a result of some sins being committed. Through these sins, darkness is created in the heart as a result of which no pleasure is felt in the performance of the ibaadat. But no matter what the cause of ‘Qabz’ may be, much seeking of forgiveness (istighfaar) proves to be very beneficial.

My Sheikh Hazrat Phulpoori (RA.) said: “No matter how strong the feelings of ‘Qabz’ one may feel, no matter how deep the feeling of darkness in the heart and the spiritual inactivity one may feel and no matter if this condition lasts for years, in order to combat it, one must daily make wudoo and then perform two rak’ ahs nafal salaah with the intention of ‘toubah’. Thereafter proceed into sujood and in utter humility, grief and crying before Allah make ‘istigfaar’ and then recite this Wazeefa 360 times:

“Ya Hayyum, Ya Qayyum,
La ilaha illa ant a Subhaanaka innee kuntu minaz ­Zaalimeen”.

“0 Living God, 0 Self Subsisting One, there is no God save Thee. Verily I have been of the unjust ones.”

In this Wazeefa we have the words ‘Ya Hayyu, Ya Qayyum’. These are two Holy Names of Allah and in the Hadith it has been mentioned as being the Ismul-A’zam – ‘The Great Name of Allah’. This is followed by that verse of the Quran which Nabi Yunus (A.5.) recited and through its recitation, he was saved from three layers of darkness. The first layer of darkness was the darkness of night. The second layer of darkness was the darkness within the’ water and the third one was the darkness within the belly of the fish. To explain Nabi Yunus’s (A.S.) condition in the three darknesses, the Quran says ‘Wa huwa Kazeem’: ‘He was depressed’ .

‘Kazm’ is an arabic term that is given to that feeling of distress in which a person remains quiet.

Through the blessings of this verse, Allah saved Nabi Yunus (A.5.) from sorrows and thereafter Allah announced: “Wa Katha lika nun-jil mu meneen”. And so we save the believers’.

This shows that from that day until Qiyamat, this verse had been revealed as a treatment for driving off sorrows and affliction. Any believer, when in trouble and encountering calamities, habitually and profusely shall recite this verse, he will surely be saved.

In this verse, there is mention of Allah’s Glory and also an admission of one’s own nothingness and unworthiness. Further, there is also a measure of the expression of grief and regret which is tantamount to toubah (repentance). In fact, it is the most important ingredient of Repentance. After reciting this verse, one must then recite Durood Shareef three times.

The story being told was about a saintly man living in the rural areas who was suffering from a very heavy form of ‘Qabz’. It so happened that the nearness he felt towards Allah became clouded like clouds over the sun. He went from one place to another crying in sorrow over the loss of Allah’s communion. He went about crying and lamenting the loss of his condition:

“My Beloved, just like cooked dhall without rice, is tasteless,
So also are the days of my life in Thy absence.
Through sorrow the days of my life seem foreign to me
And my nights and days are suffering in parting from Thee.
O My Beloved, through Thy parting my days are bitter And from my soul my comfort has been removed.”

When my Murshid used to relate this story, the tears used to stream from his eyes and a strange condition used to descend upon him. It is true that the pleasure of love should be heard from the one who experiences such love and knows the pains involved therein. “How can one without pain know the ecstasy of such pain?”

In any case, we were talking about a dervish undertaking a long and arduous journey to meet his Murshid, Shah Abul-Hasan Kharqani (R.A.). After this long and arduous journey he finally reached Khaarqaan. After making enquiries from various people, he finally reached the house of his Sheikh. He knocked on the door. At the time Hazrat Shah Saheb (R.A.) was not at home. He had gone towards the forest to fetch some wood. From inside the house, Shah Saheb’s wife enquired: “Who is there?” He replied: “1 am a Musaafir, who has travelled a long journey with the sole purpose of visiting Shah Saheb”. The wife was a woman with a bad and quick temperament. When she heard about the traveller’s love and confidence in the Sheikh, she became very angry and said: “0 Man, have you no other work in this world than to undertake such a long journey with so much difficulty and all that pain and effort for something useless?”    .

She then continued to criticise Hazrat Shah Saheb (RA.) in such insulting words that it would be inappropriate even to mention them. When the Mureed heard these words from the Sheikh’s wife, he could not restrain himself and said: “If you did not have a marriage relationship with Hazrat Sheikh (R.A.), then I would tear your body to pieces. But you are the wife of that Great Devoted A reef of Allah. Therefore, I will refrain from any rudeness. ”

The traveller then departed from the house and enquired from the people the whereabout of the Sheikh. Someone informed him that the Sheikh had gone to the forest to fetch wood. In his love for the Sheikh, the mureed went in that direction. On the way he thought to himself:

“Such a great and famous Sheikh and he has such a bad-tempered wife. I do not know how such a bad-tempered wife can be blessed with the company of such a man”. While those thoughts were passing through his mind, he saw someone coming along on the back of a lion with a bundle of wood. It was none other than the saint of that time, Hazrat Shah Abul-Hasan Kharqani (RA.). When the Sheikh saw the Mureed he burst out laughing. He realised that the words of the wife have made him sad and depressed. He said:

“If my patience did not bear the bitterness of a bad-tempered woman,
Then why would this lion now carry me around?
I bear the many heavy burdens and difficulties caused by this foolish woman
And these are all borne for Allah’s sake as mujahadah,
Because I am beloved and accepted amongst men
And the honour of men causes pride to be created in me.
Thus my pride and arrogance is treated for me by this woman
Through her insulting ways and ill-tempered manner.”

Allah is the Lord of this world. From Him alone comes both the outward and inner fostering of men. Thus for the inner fostering of any devotee, He produces the means towards the unseen ways of fostering. He handles every devotee according to his measure of tolerating sorrows and bearing them, No matter how purified a person’s self may be, there always exists the danger of a relapse towards evil.

“The nature of the self is like Fir-aun.
Be not satisfied with it
Whenever you become unmindful of it,
It remembers its previous Kufr.”

My Sheikh Maulana Phulpoori (RA.) told me a story about a certain saintly man. His maid servant, having seen him for quite some time eating chicken and dressed in splendid clothes, began wondering: “What kind of Holy man is this who at all times lives a life of comfort and never experiences any difficulties?”

The maid servant informed the Sheikh about her doubts: “Sir, I have heard that the saints of Allah are made to bear great burdens and calamities while on Allah’s path. Then in reply to that they become blessed with the great blessing of Wi lay at (sainthood). But I see you at all times eating chicken and dressed in splendid clothes”. The Saint on hearing these words uttered one sigh and replied: “Remove my clothes from my back”. When she lifted the clothes from his back she saw a huge running sore on his back from which pus was all the time being exuded. This sore was all the time giving the Sheikh much pain and trouble. Seeing this the servant became quite ashamed and asked for pardon for her misconception.

Thus we see that there are times when the saintly ones will joke and jest. They will sometimes wear splendid clothes, eat splendid food, accept the invitations from friends and people will press and kiss their hands and feet but ask their hearts what passes through them:

“On my lips there is always a smile and my eyes too are not wet      with tears, But, the continuous tears of my heart, no one knows.”

Lesson from this Story

From this story, we learn that if involuntarily some calamity or misfortune befalls us we should not be unduly worried because in exchange for that misfortune and sorrow, Allah grants such a bounty that is so much greater than the calamity.

Sometimes, a small calamity can be the cause of being saved from a major calamity. Just as in this story we see how the ill temper of the wife proved to be a saviour for Hazrat Shah Saheb (RA.) from pride and arrogance.

However, one should not seek misfortunes or wish for calamities but should at all times pray for well-being: “0 Allah, we are weak and do not possess the strength to bear misfortunes. I am begging of You for general well being.”

When we pray we should always pray for Aafiyah (well-being) but should also remember that whatever conditions Allah sends over us we should be satisfied therewith and should also at all times pray that Allah keep calamities far away from us.

THE WISDOM OF HAZRAT LUQMAAN (A.S.)

The story is told that when Luqmaan’s (A.S.) Master bought him, the other slaves looked upon him as being despicable. One day the Master sent all of them into the garden to pick fruit. All the slaves started eating the fruit. They ate to their heart’s delight and went to inform the Master that Hazrat Luqmaan (A.S.) had eaten the fruit. This made the Master very much displeased with Luqmaan (A.S.).

Hazrat Luqmaan (A.S.) advised the Master: “Please investigate this matter thoroughly. I did not eat the fruit. I will tell you of a plan which will prove who the culprits were. The whole truth will become clear to you. Make preparations for hunting”.

From the stable the Master ordered that horses be brought. The Master sat down on his horse. Then Hazrat Luqmaan (A.5.) said: “Proceed speedily in the direction of the desert. But before you proceed give everyone of the slaves, warm water to drink. Let everyone drink himself to the full with warm water. Very soon you will discover who the real culprits are”.

The result was that when those who had eaten the fruit were forced to run along, the quick movements caused them to start vomiting. That was because after drinking hot water, the fast movements caused their stomachs to become even more heated. Moreover the path they trod which led to the desert was an uneven one, with ups and downs. This made vomiting unavoidable. In the vomit, the signs of their having eaten the fruit was quite clear, because the time which passed since they had eaten was too short for the fruit to be digested. Hazrat Luqmaan (A.S.) did not vomit as there was no fruit in his stomach.
Through the wise plan of Hazrat Luqmaan (A.S.) all the slaves were put to shame and were embarrassed. The Master became very pleased with the wisdom of the plan and as a result

Luqmaan (A.S.) became a favourite of the Master. Maulana Rumi (R.A.) says:

“When such is the wisdom of Luqmaan (AS.), Imagine the wisdom of the True Master of all”.