All posts by Abdul Azeem Khan

Zakah calculation

 

Question:

Assalam Alaikum,

I would like to know the best way to calculate zakat. There are many website that offers calculations based on income and assets you have. Please advise as I owned rental properties as well as other business I also have mortgage and other liabilities such as credit card bills ( for which I pay no interest ).
Jazakallah Khair

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, after deducting one’s liabilities (see definition below), if one has Zakatable wealth equal to or more than the amount of Nisaab, then 2.5% of this amount must be paid in Zakah.

There is no Zakah on rental properties. Zakah is due on the market price of the business stock.

See the terminologies below:

Terminologies:

 

Zakatable Assets: Gold, Silver, Cash, and business stock

 

Liabilities: Any outstanding (not future) debts that have not yet been paid for and are due within the next 12 months.

 

Nisaab: 612.36 grams of silver ($343 as of June 13, 2016)

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

 

Disclaimer:

 

The Shar’a ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

 

Darul Iftaa Texas bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

 

This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa Texas.

 

 

Home financing

 

Question:
If a lender purchase a house for $100,000 and add their profit $25,000 and sell this to a customer for $125,000 in installments, is this Halal

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, if one purchases a house for $100,000, then sells it to a customer for $125,000 on installments, this is a permissible transaction. It is important to note that the price of the house must be stipulated. In the case of default by the buyer in the payment of the price at the due date, the price cannot be increased.[1]

Note: Such a transaction in Islamic Finance is known as Murabahah Home Financing. In terms of Islamic Finance, the Murabahah transaction is inclusive of certain intricacies known to the Ulama. Such a transaction has been allowed by Ulama with some conditions. Unless these conditions are fully observed, Murabahah is not permissible.[2] Therefore, a blanket ruling of permissibility cannot be given. Each Murabahah contract would have to be analyzed independently.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

 

Disclaimer:

 

The Shar’a ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

 

Darul Iftaa Texas bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

 

This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa Texas.

 

[1] An Introduction to Islamic Finance, Page 76

[2] An Introduction to Islamic Finance, Page 72-73

Using an Inhaler while fasting

 

Question:
Assalamualaikum.

I was wondering if using the inhaler during fasting breaks your fast? Can you please explain if it does or not?

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, if only air is taken in the body, the fast is not invalidated. However, if any medication is entered into the body, the fast will be invalidated.[1]

An inhaler is a medical device used for delivering medication into the body via the lungs.[2] The medicine is a mist or spray that the person breathes in.[3]

Hence, the usage of an inhaler will invalidate the fast.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

 

Disclaimer:

 

The Shar’a ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

 

Darul Iftaa Texas bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

 

This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa Texas.

 

[1]  فتاوى محمودية، ج 10، ص 154-155، فاروقية

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inhaler Last accessed on June 8, 2016

[3] http://kidshealth.org/en/teens/inhaler.html Last access on June 8, 2016

Zakah

Question:

I started a new job last July. I have accrued 20000 in that time, I have no expenses, am I due to pay zakah on the amount this year. As the time this year i did not have income and had 0 dollars. Is this due next year?

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

At the outset, it is important to understand the basic concept of calculating Zakāh.

The day an individual becomes owner of Zakātable wealth (gold, silver, cash, or trading merchandise) equivalent to the amount of Nisāb (612.36 grams of silver or its value in cash)[1], this day is termed as his Zakāh day. In other words, annually all Zakātable wealth in his ownership on that day must be calculated for Zakāh.

If one does not remember when he first became owner of this amount i.e. 612.36 grams of silver or its value, he must apply his discretion and arrive at a conclusion. If he is unable to remember even after applying his discretion, he must stipulate any day as his Zakāh day based on the lunar calendar. Thereafter, on a yearly basis he must calculate all Zakātable wealth in his ownership on that day.[2]

Based on the aforementioned, hereunder is the answer to your query:

Establish your Zakah day in terms of the lunar calendar. Upon establishing a Zakah day, calculate 2.5% of all Zakatable in your ownership on your Zakah day this year. This calculated amount must be given as Zakah.

Note: This ruling is applicable on condition that the person in reference is not in debt. Otherwise, if he is in debt, the ruling will be different.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

 

Disclaimer:

 

The Shar’a ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

 

Darul Iftaa Texas bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

 

This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa Texas.

 

 

[1]اوزان شريعه، ص 49

[2]احسن الفتاوى، ج 4، ص 265، سعيد

Fasting During Pregnancy

Question:

If my wife found out she was pregnant yesterday, is she obligated to fast Ramadan or can she fast Ramadan?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, a pregnant woman is permitted to not keep the fasts of Ramadhan and make them up later on condition that she fears harm to her life or the child’s life. If there is no fear of harm, then it is necessary for a pregnant woman to keep the fasts of Ramadhan.

Whether the fasting is harmful or not must be ascertained through one of the following two ways:

  1. Previous experience from a past pregnancy proves fasting to be harmful

 

  1. A religious Muslim doctor says that fasting will harmful

 

It is not permissible for a pregnant woman to not fast merely due to her own assumption.[1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

 

Disclaimer:

 

The Shar’a ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

 

Darul Iftaa Texas bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

 

This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa Texas.

 

 

[1]  “والخوف المعتبر” لإباحة الفطر طريق معرفته أمران أحدهما “ما كان مستندا” فيه “لغلبة الظن” فإنها بمنزلة اليقين “بتجربة” سابقة والثاني قوله “أو إخبار طبيب” مسلم حاذق عدل عالم بداء كذا في البرهان وقال الكمال مسلم حاذق غير ظاهر الفسق وقيل عدالته شرط (مراقي الفلاح، كتاب الصوم، فصل في العوارض)

مسائل رفعت قاسمي، ج 4، ص 158-159، حامدكتب خانه كراتشى

Bleeding after miscarriage

 

Question:
Assalamualaikum
I hope you are doing well In Shaa Allah.
I was pregnant and had a miscarriage on 4/28/16 . I was exactly 8 weeks pregnant. I went to the doctor and she did confirm that it was a miscarriage and I will have bleeding for 2-3 weeks.
My question is the bleeding that started and is still going on … Is it nifas, Haiz or istehaza?
I haven’t prayed since Thursday. And there is still bleeding.
Jazakallah khair
May Allah reward you .

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

If one is pregnant for 4 months or more, and thereafter a miscarriage takes place, then the bleeding that occurs is Nifaas.

However, if one is pregnant for less than 4 months and a miscarriage takes place, then the bleeding is considered to be Haidh. This is on condition that at least three days of bleeding occurs. If less than three days of bleeding occurs, then this is Istihaadhah.[1]

Based on the aforementioned, the bleeding that you are witnessing is Haidh. Therefore all the rules of Haidh will be applicable to such bleeding. In other words, if the bleeding continues beyond 10 days, then the bleeding beyond 10 days will be Istihaadhah.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

 

Disclaimer:

 

The Shar’a ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

 

Darul Iftaa Texas bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

 

This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa Texas.

 

[1]  (وَسِقْطٌ) مُثَلَّثُ السِّينِ: أَيْ مَسْقُوطٌ (ظَهَرَ بَعْضُ خَلْقِهِ كَيَدٍ أَوْ رِجْلٍ) أَوْ أُصْبُعٍ أَوْ ظُفُرٍ أَوْ شَعْرٍ، وَلَا يَسْتَبِينُ خَلْقُهُ إلَّا بَعْدَ مِائَةٍ وَعِشْرِينَ يَوْمًا (وَلَدٌ) حُكْمًا (فَتَصِيرُ) الْمَرْأَةُ (بِهِ نُفَسَاءَ وَالْأَمَةُ أُمَّ وَلَدٍ وَيَحْنَثُ بِهِ) (الدر المختار مع رد المحتار، ج 1، ص 302، سعيد)

احسن الفتاوى، ج 2، ص 71-72، سعيد

Making up fasts missed during pregnancy and nursing period

Question:

Assalamooalaykoom Dear Respected Brother Mufti,
Alhamdoolilah, Allah has blessed me with five children. During my pregnancies and nursing periods I was not able to fast during the month of Ramadan. My in laws had told me it was ok to pay to feed the poor in redemption of my missing the fasts of Ramadan and that was sufficient for what I had missed. However, recently it has been brought up to my attention that this is not correct and that I have to fast what I had missed. My in laws still disagree and I am not sure what the true reasoning is. If you can please shed some light on this matter and let me know what the correct ruling on this is, I would really appreciate it.

Jazak Allah Khayran.

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, during pregnancy and during the nursing (breastfeeding) period, if a female fears harm to herself or to the baby, she is exempted from fasting. She must make up the missed fasts (Qadha) at a later time. There is no Fidyah (monetary compensation) upon her.[1]

Fidyah is only binding on one who is permanently ill and does not anticipate recovery. In such a case, because there is no anticipation of regaining health to make up the missed fasts, Shariah has allowed Fidyah. This is not the case in pregnancy and the nursing period. In pregnancy and the nursing period, it is hoped that the female will regain health and will be able to make up the missed fasts at a later time. Hence, there is no meaning in giving Fidyah (monetary compensation) along with making up the fasts.[2]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

 

Disclaimer:

 

The Shar’a ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

 

Darul Iftaa Texas bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

 

This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa Texas.

 

 

[1]   (أَوْ حَامِلٍ أَوْ مُرْضِعٍ) أُمًّا كَانَتْ أَوْ ظِئْرًا عَلَى ظَاهِرِ (خَافَتْ بِغَلَبَةِ الظَّنِّ عَلَى نَفْسِهَا أَوْ وَلَدِهَا) وَقَيَّدَهُ الْبَهْنَسِيُّ تَبَعًا لِابْنِ الْكَمَالِ بِمَا إذَا تَعَيَّنَتْ لِلْإِرْضَاعِ (أَوْ مَرِيضٍ خَافَ الزِّيَادَةَ) لِمَرَضِهِ وَصَحِيحٍ خَافَ الْمَرَضَ، وَخَادِمَةٍ خَافَتْ الضَّعْفَ بِغَلَبَةِ الظَّنِّ بِأَمَارَةٍ أَوْ تَجْرِبَةٍ أَوْ بِأَخْبَارِ طَبِيبٍ حَاذِقٍ مُسْلِمٍ مَسْتُورٍ وَأَفَادَ فِي النَّهْرَ تَبَعًا لِلْبَحْرِ جَوَازَ التَّطْبِيبَ بِالْكَافِرِ فِيمَا لَيْسَ فِيهِ إبْطَالُ عِبَادَةٍ. قُلْت: وَفِيهِ كَلَامٌ لِأَنَّ عِنْدَهُمْ نُصْحُ الْمُسْلِمِ كُفْرٌ فَأَنَّى يُتَطَبَّبُ بِهِمْ، وَفِي الْبَحْرِ عَنْ الظَّهِيرِيَّةِ لِلْأَمَةِ أَنْ تَمْتَنِعَ مِنْ امْتِثَالِ أَمْرِ الْمَوْلَى إذَا كَانَ يُعْجِزُهَا عَنْ إقَامَةِ الْفَرَائِضِ لِأَنَّهَا مُبْقَاةٌ عَلَى أَصْلِ الْحُرِّيَّةِ فِي الْفَرَائِضِ (الْفِطْر) يَوْمَ الْعُذْرِ إلَّا السَّفَرَ كَمَا سَيَجِيءُ (وَقَضَوْا) لُزُومًا (مَا قَدَّرُوا بِلَا فِدْيَةٍ وَ) (الدر المختار مع رد المحتار، ج 2، ص 422-423، سعيد)

[2]  قاموس الفقه، ج 3، ص 298، زمزم

Gifting Perfume

Question:
Assalamualikum

Is it permissibe to give perfumes and other cosmetics such as lipsticks etc as gift ,If you know for sure the person uses perfume and applies makeup in public and what is the ruling if you are not sure how they use it .

Jazakallahu khairan

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, it is permissible to give gifts that are essentially and intrinsically permissible, but may be used in an incorrect way. This ruling is applicable even if the gifter knows that the giftee may use the gift incorrectly.[1]

Hence, it is permissible to gift perfumes and halal cosmetics to such a person who may use these items in public.

In any case, one must make an effort to instill the fear of Allah within the heart of the giftee and educate her with regards to the impermissible use of such products.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

 

Checked and Approved by My Esteemed Ustadh,

Mufti Husain Kadodia Saheb Damat Barakatuhum

 

Disclaimer:

 

The Shar’a ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

 

Darul Iftaa Texas bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

 

This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa Texas.

 

 

[1]  وَأَخَذَ أَبُو حَنِيفَةَ – رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ – بِظَاهِرِهِ، فَقَالَ لَا بَأْسَ بِبَيْعِ الْعَصِيرِ، وَالْعِنَبِ مِمَّنْ يَتَّخِذُهُ خَمْرًا، وَهُوَ قَوْلُ إبْرَاهِيمَ – رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ -؛ لِأَنَّهُ لَا فَسَادَ فِي قَصْدِ الْبَائِعِ، فَإِنَّ قَصْدَهُ التِّجَارَةُ بِالتَّصَرُّفِ فِيمَا هُوَ حَلَالٌ لِاكْتِسَابِ الرِّبْحِ، وَإِنَّمَا الْمُحَرَّمُ قَصْدُ الْمُشْتَرِي اتِّخَاذَ الْخَمْرِ مِنْهُ، وَهُوَ كَبَيْعِ الْجَارِيَةِ مِمَّنْ لَا يَسْتَبْرِئُهَا، أَوْ يَأْتِيهَا فِي غَيْرِ الْمَأْتَى، وَكَبَيْعِ الْغُلَامِ مِمَّنْ يَصْنَعُ بِهِ مَا لَا يَحِلُّ. (المبسوط للسرخسي، كتاب الأشربة)

 

(قَوْلُهُ وَجَازَ إجَارَةُ بَيْتٍ إلَخْ) هَذَا عِنْدَهُ أَيْضًا لِأَنَّ الْإِجَارَةَ عَلَى مَنْفَعَةِ الْبَيْتِ، وَلِهَذَا يَجِبُ الْأَجْرُ بِمُجَرَّدِ التَّسْلِيمِ، وَلَا مَعْصِيَةَ فِيهِ وَإِنَّمَا الْمَعْصِيَةُ بِفِعْلِ الْمُسْتَأْجِرِ وَهُوَ مُخْتَارٌ فَيَنْقَطِعُ نِسْبِيَّتُهُ عَنْهُ، فَصَارَ كَبَيْعِ الْجَارِيَةِ مِمَّنْ لَا يَسْتَبْرِئُهَا أَوْ يَأْتِيهَا مِنْ دُبُرٍ وَبَيْعِ الْغُلَامِ مِنْ لُوطِيٍّ وَالدَّلِيلُ عَلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لَوْ آجَرَهُ لِلسُّكْنَى جَازَ وَهُوَ لَا بُدَّ لَهُ مِنْ عِبَادَتِهِ فِيهِ اهـ زَيْلَعِيٌّ وَعَيْنِيٌّ وَمِثْلُهُ فِي النِّهَايَةِ وَالْكِفَايَةِ، قَالَ فِي الْمِنَحِ: وَهُوَ صَرِيحٌ فِي جَوَازِ بَيْعِ الْغُلَامِ مِنْ اللُّوطِيِّ، وَالْمَنْقُولُ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِنْ الْفَتَاوَى أَنَّهُ يُكْرَهُ وَهُوَ الَّذِي عَوَّلْنَا عَلَيْهِ فِي الْمُخْتَصَرِ اهـ.(رد المحتار، ج 6، ص 392، سعيد)

 

فتاوي محمودية، ج 16، ص 133 و 137، ادارة الفاروق

 

 

Warranty

 

Question:

Asalamualikum Mufti sahib
May Allah reward you for your efforts.
I have recently bought a townhome from an existing home owner. The house was built in 2012 and new appliances were installed at that time.
about 2 months after I moved in, there seems to be some problem with the appliances. Occasionally, the microwave plate keeps spinning and the timer counts down without actually heating the food and the refrigerator has to put on the max thermostat value to keep things cold. The milk was spoiled a couple of times. Both of them work most of the times.
I called the appliance manufacture to check if they are still under warranty. I was told that the appliances were out of warranty but was offered an opportunity to renew them for a fee. she informed me that the appliances must be under working conditions. They said I could make the service call only after 1 month after subscription
When I mentioned to them about the existing conditions, I was offered a warranty on a higher price. I declined and called again after a few days.
Another sales rep was informed about the existing condition and she readily offered the warranties on the lower prices.
I already took the warranties but have an option to cancel them

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The warranty explained in the query is impermissible, as it constitutes Gharar (uncertainty).

In principle, any transaction in which the return for one’s payment is uncertain due to being suspended on an uncertain event is impermissible. [1]

In the inquired case, the return of the payment towards the warranty is unknown, as it is uncertain whether the product will be required to be replaced/repaired or not. In the case it does require a replacement or repair, the extent of the requirement is unknown, for example whether the replacement or repair will be required only once or more times.

Hence, such a transaction is not permissible.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

Checked and Approved by my Esteemed Teachers,

Hadhrat Mufti Emraan Vawda Saheb (Damat Barakatuhum)

Hadhrat Mufti Husain Kadodia Saheb (Damat Barakatuhum)

 

Disclaimer:

 

The Shar’a ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

 

Darul Iftaa Texas bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

 

This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa Texas.

 

[1]  وحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ، وَيَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، وَأَبُو أُسَامَةَ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ، ح وحَدَّثَنِي زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، وَاللَّفْظُ لَهُ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الْأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ: «نَهَى رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ بَيْعِ الْحَصَاةِ، وَعَنْ بَيْعِ الْغَرَرِ (صحيح مسلم)

لِأَنَّ الْقِمَارَ مِنْ الْقَمَرِ الَّذِي يَزْدَادُ تَارَةً وَيَنْقُصُ أُخْرَى، وَسُمِّيَ الْقِمَارُ قِمَارًا لِأَنَّ كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ الْمُقَامِرَيْنِ مِمَّنْ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يَذْهَبَ مَالُهُ إلَى صَاحِبِهِ، وَيَجُوزُ أَنْ يَسْتَفِيدَ مَالَ صَاحِبِهِ وَهُوَ حَرَامٌ بِالنَّصِّ، وَلَا كَذَلِكَ إذَا شُرِطَ مِنْ جَانِبٍ وَاحِدٍ لِأَنَّ الزِّيَادَةَ وَالنُّقْصَانَ لَا تُمْكِنُ فِيهِمَا بَلْ فِي أَحَدِهِمَا تُمْكِنُ الزِّيَادَةُ (رد المحتار، ج 6، ص 403، سعيد)

Method of Takbeer-e-Tahreemah

Question:

What is the correct way of doing takbeer tahreemah?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Takbeer-e-Tahreemah is to say Allahu Akbar at the beginning of Salah.

The method of Takbeer-e-Tahreemah for men is different from the method of women.[1]

Hereunder is the method for men:

After making Niyyah, one should lift his two hands upto his earlobes in such a manner that both palms are facing the Qiblah and the fingers are in a normal condition, neither together nor spread out. Then he should say Allahu Akbar and fold them below the navel.

Herunder is the method for women:

After making Niyyah, she should lift her two hands upto her shoulders in such a manner that both palms are facing Qiblah and the fingers are in a normal condition, neither together nor spread out. Then she should say Allahu Akbar and fold them on the chest.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

 

 

Disclaimer:

 

The Shar’a ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

 

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This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa Texas.

 

[1]  مراقي الفلاح مع حاشية الطحطاوي، ج 1، فصل: في كيفية تركيب أفعال الصلاة

Taleemul Haq,pg. 75, Zam Zam Publishers