All posts by Abdul Azeem Khan

Fasing and sickness

 

Question:

ASSALAM U ALAIKUM
Is it permissible to continue to keep fasting with high fever which causes difficulty in not taking timely medicines?
When is it permissible to break ones fard fast in sickness and how can one derive the tipping point of when to do break it?
Jazakallah

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, if a person has such a sickness that fasting will either increase the sickness, delay the cure of the sickness, or cause death, then such an individual is excused from fasting. However, this information must be attained by consulting a practicing Muslim doctor.

If one is fasting and during the course of fasting he/she experiences such a sickness that continuing the fast will either cause death or cause the sickness to increase, then one may break the fast. [1]

In both cases, one must do Qadha (make up) of the missed and broken fasts.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

[1] Beheshti Zewar (Urdu), page 233, Altaf and Sons

Eye drops while fasting

 

Question:

assalam walaikum warahmatullah mufti shahb can someone suffering from severe allergies use eye drops during fasting . jazakallah hu khai

 

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is permissible to apply eye drops while fasting. Eye drops do not break the fast.[1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

[1] Ahsanul Fatawa, Vol. 4, page 439, Saeed

Investing in the stock market

 

Question:

As Salam-O-Alaikum Mufti Sahab,

I had a question if investing in Stock Market is halal or not?
According to some only investing in non halal companies (Alcohol etc) is haram.

Wanted to get some answers from a reliable source.

Looking forward to you reply. May Allah keep you safe during this Pandemic.

Jazakallah.

 

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The following is a standard answer on investing in the stock market:

http://www.askimam.org/public/question_detail/43778

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

Deducting loans for Zakah

 

Question:

I recently bought a house and renovating it.in order to spread costs I took a few interest free loans for windows (3 yr interest free) and appliances (1 yr interest free) which I intend to pay off within 12 months InshaAllah.

do I pay zakat on these amounts included or deduct them from my net liquid assets?

example:zakatable – liquid assets: $10,000 windows loan  = $2000appliance lan  = $1000
do I pay 2.5% on $10,000 or on $7,000

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, debts that are to be repaid within the next 12 months are deductible. Debts which do not have to be paid within the next 12 months are not deductible. If debts are paid by installments, then 12 months installments are deductible.

Therefore, the debt for appliances will be deducted since it is to be repaid in full within the next 1 year.

However, with regards to the debt for windows, if it is to be repaid in installments, then the installments due for the next 12 months will be deductible. And if it is not repaid in installments, rather the total amount is due anytime within the next 3 years, then none of the debt amount will be deducted, since no amount is technically due with the next 12 months. This ruling is applicable whether your intention is to repay the debt for windows within the next 1 year or not. This is because the amount deducted is not based on your intention, rather it is based upon the actual amount due within the next one year.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

 

Selling brushes made of pig hair

 

Question:

I have a company which i sell hair brushes and these hair brushes their bristles are made out of boar and im not sure if its 10 % made from boar or 50 or etc but im just curious to know if i can still sell them and currently i have 300 brushes left jazakallah

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Hair brushes that are made from pig’s hair are not permissible to sell.[1] This ruling is applicable whether the pig’s hair consists of 10% or 50% of the brush.

The brushes that you have may be returned to the seller for a refund. If this is not possible, then the brushes must be disposed of.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

[1] Raddul Muhtar, Vol. 5, page 71-72, Saeed

Taraweeh Salah through live feed

 

Question:

Assalamualaikum,

Due to the current situation, the masjid I go to does a live feed of the tharawi prayers. Is it possible for me to follow them and pray at my house?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is a requirement for the validity of congregational Salah that the location of the Imam and followers must be the same. [1][2]

Hence, it is not permissible for you to follow the Imam while you are at your house as explained in the query.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

[1] فقد تحرر بما تقرر أن اختلاف المكان مانع من صحة الاقتداء ولو بلا اشتباه، وأنه عند الاشتباه لا يصح الاقتداء وإن اتحد المكان. ثم رأيت الرحمتي قرر كذلك، فاغتنم ذلك (رد المحتار، ج ١، ص ٥٨٨، سعيد)

 

 

[2] Khairul Fatawa, Vol. 2, page 391-392, Maktabah Imdadiyah

Hadith on Musa (Alaihissalam) and the Fasting person

 

Question:

Is following an authentic Hadith. If it is so can u pl give me the reference:

“Once Moosa (AS) asked Allah Ta’ala: O Allah! You have granted me the honor and privilege of talking to you directly, Have you given this privilege to any other person? Allah Ta’ala replied, O!! Moosa during the last period I am going to send an ummat, who will be the Ummat of Mohammed (SAW) with dry lips, parched tongues, emaciated body with eyes sunken deep into their sockets, with livers dry and stomachs suffering the pangs of hunger- will call out to me (in dua) they will be much closer to me than you O Moosa! while you speak to me there are 70000 veils between you and me but at the time of iftaar there will not be a single veil between me and the fasting Ummati of Mohammed (SAW) O!! Moosa I have taken upon myself the responsibility that at the time of iftaar I will never refuse the dua of a fasting person!”

JazakAllahu Khaira

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Kindly see the following link:

https://hadithanswers.com/musa-alayhis-salam/

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

Female leading Taraweeh

 

Question:

What is your opinion regarding this?

Some Ulama have mentioned that there is leeway for a female Hafizah to lead Taraweeh Salah if she fears she may forget the Quran. They say that there are a few Ahadith that indicate that Sahabiyaat lead other women in Salah.

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, a follower of a Madhab is required to follow the ruling given by the Fuqaha of the Madhab.

Fuqaha are Jurists who are experts in deriving rulings from Quran and Hadith.

The Fuqaha investigate all dimensions of an issue and all the Ahadith on the topic prior to coming to a decision.

In many issues, there are apparently contradicting Ahadith. It is the job and expertise of the Fuqaha to reconcile between such apparently contradicting texts and give a decisive ruling.

In the issue of a female leading other women in Salah, the Fuqaha have clearly stated that this is Makruh Tahrimi, even if it is Salatut Taraweeh. The Ulama have mentioned that this is applicable even if a female fears she may forget Quran, since there are other ways to keep the Quran strong other than Salatut Taraweeh.[1]

There are clear Ahadith that prohibit a female from leading Salah, whether she leads men or women.[2]

There are very few occasions, where we find a female Sahabiyah leading other women in Salah. This was not a widespread practice amongst the Sahabah.

The Ulamah have written that these few occasions were due to a certain reason, that is to teach other women how to perform Salah.[3]

If the Imamah of a female was permissible without Karahah (dislike) then this would have been a widespread practice amongst the Sahabiyaat. This is the reason why Imam Muhammad, after quoting the Hadith of the Imamah of Ayshah Radhiyallahu Anha, states that we do not like that a female should lead Salah. [4]

Furthermore, when there are texts that indicate the permissibility of an action and other texts that show its impermissibility, the texts that indicate impermissibility are given preference.[5]

In conclusion, the Hanafi Fuqaha have clearly stated that it is Makruh Tahrimi for a female to lead Salah, even Salatut Taraweeh. If she fears she may forget the Quran, she may recite to someone outside of Salah and repeat the same in Salah individually.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

 

Checked and Approved by

My Esteemed Ustadh Mufti Husain Kadodia Saheb Damat Barakatuhum

 

[1] Fatawa Mahmudiyyah, Vol. 7, page 280-281 Faruqiyyah

Fatawa Rahimiyyah, Vol. 6, page 247

[2] I’laa as-Sunan, Vol. 4, page 242-243

[3] I’laa as-Sunan, Vol. 4, page 242

[4] I’laa as-Sunan, Vol. 4, page 244

[5] I’laa as-Sunan, Vol. 4, page 244

Zakat and Islamic home loan

 

Question:

As salamualykum ,
JazakAllah kahir for your detailed lecture on the zakat it was very informative Alahmdulliah.
Can you please clarify/elobrate regarding the calculation of the zakat if one have a long term home loan, from your lecture i came to an understanding that one can deduct 12 months of advance payment from the total zakatable $.
I currently own a house which we use for our primary resident on which i am paying monthly installments which are due for next 28 years.
Thank you

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Your understanding is correct that the loan amount that you owe within the next 12 months will be deducted from your total Zakatable wealth. Thereafter, you will be pay 2.5% of the remaining amount for Zakah.

For example: If one’s Zakatable wealth is equal to $100,000 and each month’s installment towards the house is $3,000, then total $36,000 will be deducted from the $100,000. Hence, 2.5% of $64,000 will be due as Zakah. That is $1,600 total Zakah.

Note: The following are Zakatable wealth:

  1. Cash (Including money in the bank, at home, and all receivable loans that one expects to be returned)
  2. Gold
  3. Silver
  4. Business merchandise (Any item purchased with the intention to sell)

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

Fidyah for Fasting

 

Question:

As salaam-o-alaikum Wa Rehmarullahe Wa Barakatahu

If someone is unable to fast during Ramadhan due to health conditions or old age, what is the alternate he or she can do so as to get the blessings of Ramadhan.

Was salaam.

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, if one is unable to fast because of a temporary sickness, he/she is required to make up for the missed fasts upon recovery.

However, if one is unable to fast due to a permanent illness or old age, and there is no hope of regaining the ability to fast, then he/she must offer Fidyah (monetary compensation) for each missed fast.[1]

The value of Fidyah for each fast is the same as Sadaqatul Fitr, which is currently $6.

Hence, for 30 days of missed fasts, one must give $180 to the poor and needy.

There are many A’maal one may do to gain the blessings of Ramadhan, such as recitation of Quran, Zikr of Kalimah and Istighfaar, Dua, giving Sadaqah and doing Ta’leem of books such as Fadhaail A’maal especially the section on the Virtues of Ramadhan.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

(Mufti) Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman

[1] Masaail Rifat Qasmi, Vol. 4, page 166-169, Hamid Kutub Khana Karachi